February 25, 2021
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principal – Wiktionary

English[edit]

Various varieties[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Outdated French principal, from Latin prīncipālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹɪnsɪpəl/, /ˈpɹɪnsəpəl/
  • (US, nonstandard) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɪnsɪp̬əl/, /ˈpɹɪnsəp̬əl/
  • Hyphenation: prin‧ci‧pal
  • Homophone: precept

Adjective[edit]

principal (comparative extra principal, superlative most principal)

  1. Main; most necessary; first degree in significance.

    Smith is the principal architect of this design.

    The principal reason for the failure was poor planning.

    • 1760 [1726], Homer, tr. Alexander Pope, The Odyssey, Quantity 2, web page 217,
      In a phrase, the Epiſodes of Homer are full Epiſodes; they’re correct to the ſubject, as a result of they’re drawn from the bottom of the fable; they’re ſo joined to the principal motion, that one is the neceſſary conſequence of the opposite, both really or in all probability: and laſtly, they’re imperfect members which don’t make a whole and finiſhed physique; for an Epiſode that makes a whole motion, can’t be a part of a principal motion; as is eſſential to all Epiſodes.
    • 1995, Madeleine Cabos, Baedeker Paris, web page 105,
      The principal treasure of ths division, nevertheless, is the Stele of Hammurabi (1792—1750 B.C.), king of the primary Babylonian kingdom, a basalt cylinder 2.25m/7ft 5in. inscribed with Hammurabi′s legal guidelines written in Akkadian in cuneiform script.
    • 2005, Ruth N. Collins, Software of Phylogenetic Algorithms to Assess Rab Practical Relationships, Sidney P. Colowick, Alan Corridor (editors), Strategies in Enzymology, Quantity 403, web page 22,
      In concept, there are the identical variety of principal parts as there are variables, however in observe, normally just a few of the principal parts have to be recognized to account for many of the knowledge variance.
  2. (out of date, Latinism) Of or regarding a prince; princely.
    (Can we discover and add a citation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)

Utilization notes[edit]

Principal shouldn’t be confused with precept. Precept is all the time a noun, which is usually erroneously used with the which means of the adjective principal.

  • Incorrect: He’s the precept musician within the band
  • Right: He’s the principal musician within the band

A mnemonic to keep away from this confusion is “The principal alphabetic precept locations A earlier than E“.

Principal is usually not used within the comparative or superlative in formal writing, because the which means is already superlative. Nevertheless, like distinctive, it’s typically used on this means.

Synonyms[edit]

Associated phrases[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

principal (countable and uncountable, plural principals)

  1. (finance, uncountable) The cash initially invested or loaned, on which foundation curiosity and returns are calculated.
    A portion of your mortgage fee goes to cut back the principal, and the remaining covers curiosity.
    • 1902, William Pember Reeves, State Experiments in Australia and New Zealand, Quantity 1, 2011, Cambridge College Press, web page 342,
      In March 1902, I discover within the assertion of liabilities and property £711 put down as arrears of curiosity, however there isn’t any entry of arrears of principal.
    • 2012, Denis Clifford, Plan Your Property, eleventh Version, NOLO, US, web page 298,
      As an illustration, in some states, dividends which have routinely been reinvested will probably be handled as principal.
    • 2012, Fred Steingold, Authorized Types for Beginning & Working a Small Enterprise, web page 88,
      If you realize the principal quantity, the rate of interest, and the variety of years the funds will probably be made, you’ll be able to seek the advice of an amortization calculator or schedule to reach on the month-to-month fee.
  2. (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand) The chief administrator of a college.
    • 1971, Louis Kaplan, Schooling and Psychological Well being, web page 413,
      The necessary administrative determine to the instructor is the varsity principal.
    • 2008, Brian Dive, The Accountable Chief: Creating Efficient Management By means of Managerial Accountability, web page 212,
      The issue was neatly summed up by one principal in Australia who mentioned just lately: ‘There isn’t any incentive for me to develop my greatest academics to change into my successor. []
    • 2009, Colin J. Marsh, Key Ideas for Understanding Curriculum, web page 132,
      Now renamed Educating Australia, its officers are endeavor exploratory steps in creating skilled requirements for varsity leaders. A Nationwide Requirements Drafting Group of volunteer principals is presently drafting principal requirements (Educating Australia, 2007).
    • 2011, U.S. Division of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook 2011-2012, web page 45,
      Principals at the moment are being held extra accountable for the efficiency of scholars and academics, whereas on the similar time they’re required to stick to a rising variety of authorities rules.
  3. (Britain, Canada) The chief govt and chief tutorial officer of a college or faculty.
    • 1967, College of Edinburgh Graduates′ Affiliation, College of Edinburgh Journal, Volumes 23-24, web page 314,
      Not like the scholars, Principal Robertson, who now resided virtually alone within the School, continued to make use of the accistomed route on his visits to the Outdated City; and it “turned the joke of the day that from being the principal gate it had change into solely a gate for the Principal.”5
  4. (legislation) A authorized individual that authorizes one other (the agent) to behave on their behalf; or on whose behalf an agent or gestor in a negotiorum gestio acts.
    When an lawyer represents a shopper, the shopper is the principal who permits the lawyer, the shopper′s agent, to behave on the shopper′s behalf.
    My principal sells steel shims.
    • 1958, American Regulation Institute. Restatement of the Regulation, Second: Company 2nd, Quantity 7, web page 533,
      The agency admitted the quantity owed, however averred as an affirmative protection that it had employed the professional as an agent of a disclosed principal, the shopper.
    • 1966, Pan American Union, The Advertising and marketing Construction for Chosen Processed Meals Merchandise: In Sweden, Denmark, Norway, The Federal Republic of Germany, Canada and the UK, web page 34,
      A meals dealer has been outlined as an unbiased gross sales agent who performs the companies of negotiating the sale of meals and/or grocery merchandise for and on account of the vendor as principal.
    • 2009, California Persevering with Schooling of the Bar, California Probate Code, web page 375,
      An attorney-in-fact has an obligation to behave solely in yhe curiosity of the principal and to keep away from conflicts of curiosity.
  5. (legislation) The first participant in against the law.
    • 1915, Eugene Allen Gilmore, Wiliam Charles Wermuth, Fashionable American Regulation, web page 125,
      The equipment could also be prosecuted, tried and punished, although the principal has not been prosecuted or has been acquitted.
  6. (Canada, US) A companion or proprietor of a enterprise.
  7. (music) A diapason, a kind of organ cease on a pipe organ.
  8. (structure, engineering) The development that offers form and energy to a roof, typically a truss of timber or iron; or, loosely, an important member of a chunk of framing.
  9. The primary two lengthy feathers of a hawk’s wing.
    • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], The Shepheardes Calender: [], London: [] Hugh Singleton, [], OCLC 606515406; reprinted as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, The Shepheardes Calender [], London: John C. Nimmo, [], 1890, OCLC 890162479:

      a birde whose principals be scarce growne out

    (Can we discover and add a citation of J. H. Walsh to this entry?)
  10. One of many turrets or pinnacles of waxwork and tapers with which the posts and centre of a funeral hearse have been previously topped.
    (Can we discover and add a citation of Oxf. Gloss. to this entry?)
  11. (out of date) A vital level or rule; a precept.
  12. A dancer on the highest rank inside knowledgeable dance firm, notably a ballet firm.
  13. (computing) A safety principal.

Utilization notes[edit]

Principal shouldn’t be confused with precept. They’re each nouns, however precept means “ethical rule”, whereas principal might discuss with an individual or entity.

  • Incorrect: He’s the precept of our college
  • Right: He’s the principal of our college

Synonyms[edit]

  • (authentic cash invested or loaned):
  • (faculty administrator): headteacher n, headmaster m, headmistress f
  • (chief govt and chief tutorial officer of a college or faculty): dean
  • (one beneath whose course and on whose behalf an agent acts): shopper
  • (firm represented by a salesman):
  • (major participant in against the law): ringleader
  • (proprietor of or companion in a enterprise): proprietor
  • (organ cease): diapason

Coordinate phrases[edit]

  • (authentic cash invested or loaned): curiosity
  • (faculty administrator): grasp, mistress
  • (chief govt and chief tutorial officer of a college or faculty): bursar
  • (major participant in against the law): accent

Associated phrases[edit]

Translations[edit]

See additionally[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin prīncipālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

principal (masculine and female plural principals)

  1. foremost; principal
    • a partir de l’any 1799 Urgias va ser un dels principals animadors del Parnàs Alguerès

Derived phrases[edit]

Associated phrases[edit]

Additional studying[edit]


Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin prīncipālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

principal (female singular principale, masculine plural principaux, female plural principales)

  1. foremost; principal

Derived phrases[edit]

Noun[edit]

principal m (plural principaux, female principale)

  1. what’s most necessary
  2. principal (faculty administrator)
  3. (finance) principal (the cash initially invested or loaned)

Additional studying[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry wants pronunciation info. If you’re acquainted with the IPA then please add some!

Adjective[edit]

principal m or f (plural principais)

  1. foremost, principal

Associated phrases[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Adjective[edit]

principal m (female singular principala, masculine plural principals, female plural principalas)

  1. foremost, principal

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin principālis (first; principal), from prīncipium (starting).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /pɾĩ.si.ˈpaɫ/
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /pɾĩ.si.ˈpaw/, [pɾɪ̃ɪ̯̃.s̻ɪ.ˈpäʊ̯]
  • Hyphenation: prin‧ci‧pal

Adjective[edit]

principal m or f (plural principais, comparable)

  1. foremost; principal (most necessary)
    Synonym: primário
  2. basic; important
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:importante, Thesaurus:importante
  3. (astronomy, of a heavenly physique) having one other physique orbiting it
    Synonym: primário
  4. (grammar, of a sentence) not subordinate

Quotations[edit]

For quotations utilizing this time period, see Citations:principal.

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

principal m (plural principais)

  1. prelate of a spiritual, academic or industrial establishment
    Synonyms: diretor, prelado

Quotations[edit]

For quotations utilizing this time period, see Citations:principal.

Associated phrases[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French principal, from Latin principalis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

principal m or n (female singular principală, masculine plural principali, female and neuter plural principale)

  1. principal, major, chief, foremost

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin principālis

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Castilian) IPA(key): /pɾinθiˈpal/, [pɾĩn̟θiˈpal]
  • (Latin America) IPA(key): /pɾinsiˈpal/, [pɾĩnsiˈpal]
  • Hyphenation: prin‧ci‧pal

Adjective[edit]

principal (plural principales)

  1. foremost, most necessary
  2. important

Derived phrases[edit]

Noun[edit]

principal m (plural principales)

  1. chief, boss

Associated phrases[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

principal c

  1. a principal; one who directs one other (the agent) to behave on one’s behalf

Declension[edit]

See additionally[edit]

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