March 2, 2021
History of Edmeston, New York/1790s

Historical past of Edmeston, New York/1790s

The historical past of Edmeston, New York: 1790 by means of 1799

There’s something a few new nation that beckons one to return. True it’s, starvation and publicity are sometimes stern and ugly companions, however there, and there solely, could also be discovered the work of the creator, untarnished by the relentless hand of man.

To such a land got here Stephen Taylor within the 12 months 1790 from Rhode Island, accompanied solely by the devoted horse that bore him, to the then far distant western wilderness of Otsego County, to pick the sight of a brand new domestic. Custom information that the primary act upon arriving was to kneel within the forest and pray that the brand new domestic could be devoted to the uplift of God’s Kingdom. — Newell Talbot.


These first settlers got here into Edmeston through horseback, oxen or foot; the highway they used was an Indian footpath. — Sandra Lohnas Haggerty


Col. Gardner and Alexander Parker returned as civilians to buy land close to Otsego Lake. In Cooperstown, on the foot of Otsego Lake, they discovered the Decide. He had been put answerable for land that later turned most of Otsego County. He was to promote plots to those that wished to purchase land and decide on it. He did promote to our kin that day, however an fascinating story has been informed about how that transaction transpired.

The younger males launched themselves and informed the decide they wished to purchase land to decide on. The Decide regarded them over and thought “I’m wondering if they need to be near our settlement by the lake?” He requested them, “What’s your faith?” Alexander is meant to have replied, “What enterprise is it of yours?” You see he was nonetheless a “free thinker”. He didn’t want to have any relations with the outdated Calvinism of Rhode Island and far of New England. Decide Cooper was a Presbyterian and had already constructed a Presbyterian Church in Cooperstown. He thought, “Effectively, lets eliminate them”, so he bought them land on the western fringe of his holdings as far west as Burlington prolonged. [At that time Burlington extended to the Unadilla River.]

Decide William Cooper who had bought Alexander and Sam Gardner their plots of land, had nice wealth for his day. He was a beneficiant particular person. He had an excellent coronary heart and solely demanded fee every year on as a lot cash because the settlers might afford and never starve.

Alexander and the Col. got here within the spring of 1790. They supposedly paid for the land principally with their mustering out pay. The capital required to start out farming was small certainly. A person together with his neighbors might put up a log home 20 toes sq., lounge under and sleeping room above, nearly with out price. Alexander is meant to have put up a lean-to, then returned the subsequent spring together with his spouse and constructed the log home with an excellent hearth. — Winifred Wilcox Parker


Cooper was not a landlord as some who owned land and leased it, nor was he a speculator who acquired land for revenue. Cooper was a colonizer. Wild lands have been a problem to him. He was desirous to see them reduce into farms, bought and occupied.

When he opened land gross sales right here within the spring of 1786 his insurance policies have been firmly developed. He was born in Philadelphia and saved retailer in Burlington, N.J. At each locations he lived with rich males who had pursuits in New York and Pennsylvania undeveloped lands. There was proof that he served in some capability of their enterprises. He at all times most popular to distribute land by deed on price easy and would settle for small down funds to achieve this finish, however cash on the time was in every single place scarce and the potential settlers have been primarily poor. Cooper willingly altered his coverage to suit the realities and sometimes bought on land contracts. When “articles of settlement” have been first contrived is unsure however Cooper used them in methods of his personal. He contrived “perpetual” leases whereby the tenant rented the land (for money or produce) and at such time they have been in a position to buy the land they did so on the low pioneer costs initially quoted. — Roy L. Butterfield


In 1790 Ebeneezer Bennett moved from Conn. to Otsego County, which at the moment was a protracted journey, and much west. He purchased 160 acres of land of the Authorities, mendacity on the banks of the Unadilla River. He constructed a log home (close to the Financial institution’s homestead) near the river and planted an orchard of apple timber. Your grandfather [Philo Bennet] was then six or seven years outdated and remembered among the exhausting occasions of that pioneer life, and used to inform how the snow sifted by means of the roof, and the wolves howled in regards to the door. There have been 5 sons within the household: Eben, Lemuel, Philo, Elijah and David. — Matilda C. Bennett

When a lady, twelve and 13 years of age, I used usually to stick with my step-grandmother, whereas her daughter went away for a go to of per week or extra. She was a heavy outdated girl and like the girl within the Bible, was “Certain of Devil” right into a bent double place and walked about the home with a employees. a body constructing had been added to the log home wherein she lived; from the home windows of the lounge we regarded straight down into the river, and on the south door was an immense wild cherry tree, black cherries, wherein we youngsters delighted. Within the outdated days a part of the home was one massive room with a big hearth and two bedrooms, in one in every of which was a shelf with books on it, whereas on the ground under was an outdated chest curiously carved, and certain with brass. To climb the chest, get a e-book or two, go into the orchard and conceal myself among the many branches of a crooked apple tree and skim, was my particular delight. One in all these books was the “Sorrows of Neither” by Goethe. The others have been beloved tales abounding ghosts, and hobgoblins, and all have been yellow with age. — Matilda C. Bennett

Lemuel Bennett who lived close to us, was older than our father; his spouse was an exquisite girl and wonderful character. He had 4 daughters. Uncle Lemuel and our father had houses on the land their father gave them, not on the river, however on the primary highway that ran parallel with it and a half mile or so from it; between was meadow and pasture with a brook working although from the hills which bounded the farm on the east, to the river, the hills have been coated with a progress of pine and hemlock, elm and chestnut timber. The house was a brown story and half home constructed on a clean low hill, throughout the highway was the big barn, by means of whose spacious doorways got here the nice a great deal of shining wheat and aromatic hay, till the “bins” and the “mows” have been full, and afterward, the corn and pumpkins lay in nice heaps. I can nonetheless recall the rhythmic sound of the flails because the wheat was thrashed on the big clean flooring, and simply how father regarded as he hatcheted the flax, in addition to the sound of the wheel as our mom spun it. — Matilda C. Bennett


First U.S. Census: this space part of Montgomery County, City of Otsego, which coated what’s now the County of Otsego. The City of Otsego had 304 households, complete inhabitants 1702. Native names included: Percifer Carr, James Canada (Kennedy), Chapin, Colegrove, Monroe, and Lull. — Myrta Kelsey

Through the growth of Edmeston as a city, Indians nonetheless lived round about on the hills. An fascinating incident is informed of the farmers expertise with these Indians. It appears that evidently this man had a rooster that at all times crowed on the similar time within the early morning and subsequently, served as an alarm clock to awaken the household. One morning, nonetheless, the rooster did not crow. Upon making an investigation on the Indian camp, the farmer discovered his rooster already picked and being cooked. He frightened the Indians in order that they agreed to make baskets for him in fee for the rooster. — Janet Dockstader & Myrta Kelsey

A widely known pioneer was Rev. Steven Taylor, custom says he made his first journey from Rhode Island to this city in 1790 alone on horse-back. He returned for his dad and mom who moved in ox carts in 1792. The following 12 months conferences started to be held and 30 years later Elder Taylor gave the land on which the Church was inbuilt 1822. — Myrta Kelsey


Referring to Percifer Carr, Israel Colegrove knowledgeable me that the Indians have been afraid of this man, wanting upon him as a being of super-natural powers and allied, not directly, with the Nice Spirit; this extra notably being their feeling after the Revolution. Carr was a big, robust, tough, resolute and dauntless particular person, with “a voice like a lion’s.” He had served within the outdated French struggle, and nothing might frighten him. He had a nice aspect to his nature, and was form to the primary settlers, making them take alongside extra sustenance from his personal restricted provides when departing from his home. — Huntington Papers

The Indians as soon as stole quite a lot of Carr’s private property throughout his momentary absence from domestic and crossed lower back to the alternative or Chenango aspect of the Unadilla with their plunder. Upon returning and being knowledgeable of the larceny, the outdated frontiersman seized his hatchet and, crossing the river on a impolite bridge to the opposite shore, strode angrily into their camp, exclaiming as he did in order that he would kill them if they didn’t immediately carry lower back every thing that they had taken from him. A lot impressed by his formidable persona, the Indians, it’s stated, rapidly complied together with his calls for. — Huntington Papers

For a restricted time, in early days white ash was principally utilized in constructing fences within the Burlington-Edmeston area. Log fences have been made first; then rail fences; whereas afterward, got here stonewalls. — Huntington Papers


Within the latter a part of the eighteenth century, settlements have been additionally made within the northeastern a part of the current City of Edmeston. For the reason that early settlers on this locality included Benjamin, Timothy, Thomas, William and Stephen Taylor, this part was appropriately referred to as Taylor Hill. Different pioneers have been; Main and Stephen Colegrove from Rhode Island, Jacob and Richmond Talbot from Connecticut, and Charles Burlingham. An thought of the hardships that these, endured is illustrated by the next incident: the primary domestic that was constructed by Jacob Talbot was a protracted home that had a mattress quilt hung up earlier than the doorway for a door. Hearth manufacturers taken from the fireside at night time served as protection in opposition to wolves that prowled in regards to the cabin. — Susan Hickling


Stephen Colegrove as soon as said that when he first settled within the Taylor Hill part it was the customized to faucet maple timber about November first and to fabricate sugar following each frost, till good alongside within the Spring. For a number of years, the early settlers had little else to dwell upon in addition to maple sugar and corn pounded in a mortar. After 1790, the variety of new settlers coming into Burlington quickly elevated. — Huntington Papers


I used to be speaking to Dr. Phelps in regards to the historical past of Edmeston. He stated, “Donald Parker’s nice, nice, nice grandfather was the primary occupant of Edmeston. He introduced his first spouse right here and settled on what’s now the Dorr Parker farm. Shortly after he and his household moved right here his spouse died. He put her physique in an outdated hole log and buried her within the swamp the place the Indians could not discover her. He went lower back to Massachusetts with their one baby and married once more. He moved right here together with his second spouse they usually began the unique Parker Household.” — Janet Dockstader

Otsego County taken from Montgomery County in 1791 and consisted of two cities, Otsego and Cherry Valley.


Otsego County was erected Feb. 16, 1791. In its first type it was a lot bigger than it’s now [1990], together with a really massive a part of Delaware and nearly the Western half of Schoharie. Adjustments in its borders have been made as late as 1854. The unique Otsego city has been carved into sixteen Cities, and the Authentic Cherry Valley into eight, ensuing within the 24 Cities now present. — Roy L. Butterfield


Solomon Kelsey and spouse, Anna Brown, with one baby got here from Easton, Washington County, N.Y. close to Vermont earlier than 1792, to the Kelsey home-stead (1500 acres) within the southeastern a part of Edmeston [town]. All of their possessions have been in an ox cart they usually additionally introduced a cow with them. It’s unattainable for us right this moment to image the privations and hardships endured in these occasions. A slight glimpse of circumstances then is proven within the following tales handed down within the household. To be able to get grain floor Solomon Kelsey took luggage on horseback to the closest mill, which was so far-off that he have to be gone over night time. [John Tunnicliff’s?] That night time about nightfall, Nice Grandmother Kelsey milked to cow, set the pail of milk below a tree shut by, and went to place the cow within the pasture. When she returned a panther was lapping milk from the pail. She referred to as to the little youngsters in the home they usually pushed lower back the blanket which served as a door. It so occurred that this allowed the sunshine from the fireside to shine straight upon the milk pail. The panther screamed and jumped into the tree over head, however she dare not choose up the pail and went into the home with none milk that night time. — Myrta Kelsey

City of Burlington, c.1792

The City of Burlington was fashioned consisting of what’s now Pittsfield, New Lisbon, Edmeston and Burlington.


In April 1792, the Township of Burlington was organized and Jedediah Peck, a farmer and millwright who lived on the japanese edge, was elected supervisor. Peck, quick, ugly, one-eyed, a struggle hero, a poor speaker, and a political operator of genius, started as a Federalist and later switched to the w:Democratic Republican Celebration. — David Shillieto


Elder Stephen Taylor got here from Rhode Island on the age of 20. In line with and brought from the notes of a Mr. Pierson’s letter:

On June 9, 1792, William Cooper, as legal professional for Calwaller Colden conveyed 525 acres of land to Stephen Taylor, for 300 kilos, it being lot No. 13 within the Colden tract. On the identical day Stephen Taylor gave a Mortgage for 300 kilos to Josiah Ogden Hoffman of New York Metropolis, overlaying the identical premises — likely a purchase order cash mortgage — this mortgage being discharged of file June 28, 1800. This discharge was given by William Cooper as agent and assignee. — Hazel L. Jones

About 1792, Percifer Carr was within the behavior of going to Tunnicliff’s inn for his rum. Upon one event, having simply returned domestic from the latter’s, an Indian, residing briefly on the alternative financial institution of the Unadilla from Carr’s home, got here throughout the stream and requested the white brother for a few of his liquor, claiming that he was struggling a fantastic ache. His enchantment, nonetheless, had no desired impact, Carr promptly replying; “You can’t have it” after which, a second later, and as an afterthought, including “God, Almighty, ship the ache close to the cursed villain’s coronary heart!” — Huntington Papers

Not removed from this time, Elder Stephen Taylor was employed on Carr’s farm. From some extent close to his home on Taylor Hill, the dwelling being slightly north of “Carr’s highway”. Elder Taylor was within the behavior of following that primitive thoroughfare by means of an unbroken forest in going to and from the scene of his each day labor within the fields of our outdated Tory acquaintance; the latter paying him in corn for his providers. Elder Taylor repeated the anecdote simply given of Carr and the Indian to Israel Colegrove, who, when a really outdated man, gave it to the author. — Huntington Papers


There was no different technique of journey besides horseback, at that early date. There was a impolite highway, which had been an Indian path, over the Catskill Mountains from the Hudson River at Catskill, to the Susquehanna Valley at Wattles Ferry, which was on the website of the current village of Unadilla. In 1802 an essential path was constructed over this path by the Catskill and Susquehanna Turnpike Co. I feel the japanese a part of this route is the current lovely Rip Van Winkle State Freeway. All of the earliest settlers of this western a part of the county and the southern half in all probability came visiting this route There was one other highway to Cherry Valley from Albany and the Mohawk Valley. — Myrta Kelsey


One of many first settlers was Adin Deming, who got here in 1792. He was born in Pittsfield, Mass. As his father claimed the usage of his time till he was 21 years of age, younger Adin didn’t strike out till he was 20. Then he purchased the rest of his time for $20 and employed out for 4 years at $60 a 12 months. He married Martha Phelps and in 1792 eliminated to Edmeston performing the journey with an ox group. — Huntington Papers & Myrta Kelsey


Other than his oxen, Adin Deming’s worldly items consisted of two beds, just a few cooking and farming utensils, 200 kilos of pork and $18 in cash. With these small beginnings and with the pluck and perseverance of himself and his spouse he progressively collected a big fortune. Earlier than he died he owned almost 2000 acres of land on the south aspect of the Wharton Creek and in Pittsfield, and his property was valued at over $75,000 his domestic was the place Hayes Welch now lives. Earlier than his dying in 1847 he gave away almost all his property. He and one other settler, Mr. Goodrich, gave the bigger a part of the price of the erection of the Universalist Church on South Road. He left in his will a sum of cash for public college support with the cautious provision that the cash was to be perpetually loaned out solely on protected first mortgages. Every of his youngsters obtained a house and a big portion of land. He gave land for the Deming cemetery adjoining his domestic.— Myrta Kelsey

My nice grandfather and spouse, Anna Brown, with one baby got here from Easton Washington County, New York, close to Vermont earlier than 1792 to the Kelsey homestead within the southeastern a part of the city of Edmeston [at that time still a part of Burlington]. All their possessions have been in an ox cart they usually additionally introduced a cow with them. Now we have the unique deed which was given by Abraham VanVechten of Albany to Solomon Kelsey, yeoman. No neighbors talked about within the deed however states “A sure tract of land located within the County of Otsego, being a part of a tract containing 1500 acres, previously the property of William Jackson, being recognized and distinguished by the title of Lot No. 3 — starting at a hemlock stake and so on. and so on.” This land stayed within the household for 140 years. — Myrta Kelsey

It’s unattainable for us right this moment to image the privations and hardships endured in these occasions. A slight glimpse of circumstances then is proven within the following tales handed down within the household. To be able to get grain floor Solomon Kelsey took luggage on horseback to the closest mill, which was so far-off that he have to be gone over night time. (I’ve questioned if it weren’t the mill constructed by Tunnicliff close to Schuyler’s Lake). That night time about nightfall, Nice Grandmother Kelsey milked the cow, set the pail of milk below a tree shut by and went to place the cow within the pasture. When she returned a panther was lapping milk from the pail. She referred to as to the little youngsters in the home they usually pushed lower back the blanket which served for a door. It so occurred that this allowed the sunshine from the fireside to shine straight upon the milk pail. the panther screamed and jumped into the tree overhead, however she dare not choose up the pail and went into the home with out any milk that night time. — Myrta Kelsey

Mistress Percifer Carr used to make cheese there as early because the interval of 1792-’93. On this connection is recalled the next incident. It appears that upon a sure event, a lady residing within the neighborhood purchased a few of Mrs. Carr’s product, and, after tasting it, declared to a number of of her intimates that it positively stank. Though Carr and spouse have been each religiously inclined, his good girl, upon listening to of the foul calumny by means of pleasant gossip, solemnly averred that she would kill the slanderer if the latter ever put foot in her home once more. — Huntington Papers


Upon the dying of Col. Edmeston, the property fell to the heirs and minor youngsters residing in England from whom no safe title may very well be obtained for a few years, which enormously retarded the settlement of the City. [patent] Apart from Carr, all of the pioneers within the Patent got here after 1793. — Myrta Kelsey


The second settlement of the patent was one within the northeastern a part of Edmeston [not part of the Edmeston patent]. Elder Stephen Taylor got here from Rhode Island on the age of 20. In line with and brought from the notes of a Mr. Pierson’s letter: on June 9, 1792, William Cooper

“Decide Cooper, the novelist’s father, as legal professional for Calwaller [Cadwallader] Colden conveyed 525 acres of land to Stephen Taylor, for 300 kilos, it being lot NO. 13 within the Colden Patent. On the identical day Stephen Taylor gave a mortgage for 300 kilos to Josiah Ogden Hoffman of New York Metropolis, overlaying the identical premises—likely a purchase order cash mortgage being discharged of file June 28, 1800. This discharge was given by William Cooper as agent and assignee.”

This settlement turned often called Taylor Hill. A faculty was erected right here about the identical time.

The primary internment within the Taylor Hill burying floor was that of the stays of 1, Henry Hadley in about 1793. He had been working within the woods of Elder Taylor on the time of his dying, which was brought on by a falling tree. The chopper related to him in the mean time, it seems, had given him adequate warning of the approaching hazard, however Hadley appeared oblivious to the peril menacing him and, as a substitute of shifting his place to a spot of security, remained immobile and dazed because it have been, till a small limb had struck him and crushed his cranium.

Jacob Talbot, Elisha Johnson, Richmond Talbot, Timothy Taylor, Daniel Greene and others got here quickly afterwards and settled within the neighborhood of what’s referred to as Wrights corners (North Edmeston). Taylor gave land for a church which was erected about 1822. — Hazel L. Jones


One other very early pioneer was Jacob Talbot, born 1761 died 1814, He was the ancestor of the very quite a few Talbot household on this neighborhood. He got here to Taylor Hill from Connecticut in 1793 together with his spouse, Phoebe Chase, and three youngsters, Isaac, aged 6, Jacob 5 and Joseph. They got here in an ox cart and introduced amongst just a few different issues, a bag of wool which served as a mattress for the kids on the journey, and later carded, spun and woven into material for household use. It has been stated that he needed to reduce his was by means of the trackless forest, which likely was the case on this city at the very least. The closest neighbors have been the Carr household on the Unadilla and the Tunnicliff household close to Schuyler Lake. One of many earliest roads on this area led from the Carr farm, over Taylor Hill (I feel) to the Tunnicliff’s, I’ve been informed. — Myrta Kelsey

The primary church (Bap.) was fashioned at Taylor Hill, March 8, 1794; Rev. Stephen Taylor was the primary preacher.— Gazetteer of the State of New York

The First Baptist church of Edmeston, situated on what is called Taylor Hill, was organized March 8, 1794, by Rev. Stephen Taylor, who got here from Rhode Island and settled within the city in 1790. He donated the land on which to erect the church, and assisted within the building of the edifice. He died in 1841, aged seventy-one years.

Amongst those that joined at date of group have been:

Jonathan Pettit, Timothy Taylor, Jacob Talbot,
Thomas Terry, Thos. Taylor, Daniel Inexperienced,
Nehemiah Billings, Robert Fuller, Stephen Colegrove,
William Scranton, Hugh Smith, Jos. Case,
Lydia Taylor, Dorcas Scranton, Seviah Billings,
Agnes Pettit, Hannah Inexperienced, Sarah Terry,
Freelove Taylor, Rosannah Taylor, Marcy Phinney.

The church constructing was erected in 1822.

— The Historical past of Otsego County, New York 1740-1878

The City of Pittsfield was set off from the City of Burlington. Pittsfield consisting of what’s now New Lisbon and Pittsfield. Burlington Consisting of the current Edmeston and Burlington.

Among the many first settlers who got here to Otsego County within the final decade of the 18th century [1897] have been Reolff TenBroeck and his spouse, Maria, referred to as “Polly” and born a Vanderveer. They got here from New Jersey.

Now we have no file of why they got here. However being neighbors in far-off New Jersey, and maybe associates, of William Cooper who based Cooperstown it’s affordable to suppose that some contact with him had influenced them to make the lengthy journey north and located a brand new domestic within the extremely wealthy lands to which William Cooper had not too long ago acquired title.

Cooper got here within the early autumn of 1785 from Burlington, New Jersey. In 1769 Col.Geo. Croghan of the English Military, Deputy Indian Commissioner and successor to the nice Sir William Johnson had been granted title by the crown to 100,000 acres of the central New York wilderness. These acres had dwindled in numerous methods till however 40,000 remained and Croghan had gone lower back to England. William Cooper had acquired this tract of land and so within the early autumn of 1785 he got here to look over these new holdings of his and decided their boundaries.

The land wanted settlers with a purpose to construct the civilization within the wilderness which he visualized and Cooper set in regards to the enterprise of getting them. Throughout the 12 months they started to reach. They got here primarily from New England over the marvelous new freeway on this western empire!

In his will written someday later, Cooper set down for his heirs directions for caring for these toddler settlements as follows:

And as I’ve influenced many households to settle in these new locations on my land the place quite a few difficulties do, and for a number of years to return should, forestall their paying with that punctuality that’s fairly anticipated type older settlements the place all of the conveniences of residing are simply obtained, I subsequently want that my heirs will deal tenderly with them.

Might we not assume that our TenBroeck household was a kind of influenced by Cooper. It is rather possible that Reolff got here first together with his brother, John, or different male family members to decide on the location for the brand new domestic. We all know that John TenBroeck was early a land holder in Otsego County. Information in Cooperstown present many deeds made at numerous occasions throughout that interval to different members of each TenBroeck and Vanderveer households.

Reolff, born in 1763, was then a person in his late thirties, good established at that age in his personal neighborhood we might suppose — and custom has it that Polly’s wedding ceremony dowry had been $20,000 in gold and two black servants. What higher proof of the golden dower can we’ve than that the picket money field wherein they carried their cash exists right this moment! Alas for custom that it’s of a measurement extra more likely to maintain 200 {dollars} in gold than any twenty thousand!

However the two black servants have been actual. Husband and spouse they have been, they usually made the journey with their mistress and her a number of young children to make a house within the wilderness. A number of years later the black girl died and “Joseph” the husband, so saddened by the dying of his companion, left Dutch Valley and “went to Cooperstown to work for Decide Cooper”. How this took place when he was a slave we have no idea. Might he have been “Joseph Stewart” who lies buried within the cooper lot in Christ Church yard in Cooperstown and whose easy stone information the truth that he was “born a slave however for a few years was a a lot beloved servant of Decide Cooper.” He returned on a number of events to go to his former mistress and as soon as Polly, sick and considering she was about to die, despatched for him and he went afoot over the hills in response to her summons.

Information present that William Cooper rented “negro boy Joseph” from Abraham C. Ten Broeck for $76 to $80 a 12 months from 1799 to 1802. This may increasingly have been Joseph Stewart who was later freed however remained Cooper’s butler, and was buried within the Cooper household plot, not buried individually with the slaves. — Alan Taylor

The Dutch had been slave holders within the manors alongside the Hudson River from the earliest day. Private relations with their negroes have been most kindly. Often they have been offered for by will, and daughters of well-to-do Dutch households numbered a slave or two in her wedding ceremony outfitting. Nor have been they unusual in central New York in these early days. A Gazateer of the State of New York written and revealed by Horatim Spafford in 1823 lists slaves in each neighborhood — In Otsego County have been 235 free blacks and 16 slaves. — Aice H. Swinney


In 1797, from New Jersey, got here Reolff TenBroeck and his spouse, who constructed the comparatively well-known Dutch Valley Farm, simply south of the village. Being Dutch immigrants, they introduced new customs with them: he erected his buildings close to the middle of the farm, he raised and bought the most effective horses, he owned the primary excessive blooded cattle on this part and he owned the primary slaves in his space. — Sandra Lohnas Haggerty


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